Inca Civilization. Inca

pages: 1 2 3 [4] 5 6 7 8 

Similar pages:

  • about inca clothing
  • inca civilization food
  • tools for the inca civilization
  • inca llamas
  • inca llamas and alpacas
  • center of inca civilization

  • How to Link to This Page

    To link to this page from your website, simply cut and paste the following code to your web page.

    It will appear on your page as:

    Inca Civilization, page 4 from www.lost-civilizations.net








    Search

    Each ayllu - clans - had their own self-supporting farm community. Ayllu members worked the land cooperatively to produce food crops and cotton. All work was done by hand because the Incas lacked wheeled tools and draft animals. Their simple implements included a heavy wooden spade or foot plow called a taclla, a stone-tipped club to break up clods, a bronze-bladed hoe, and a digging stick.

    The inhabitants of the Andean region developed more than half the agricultural products that the world eats today. Among these are more than 20 varieties of corn; 240 varieties of potato; as well as one or more varieties of squash, beans, peppers, peanuts, and cassava (a starchy root); and quinoa, which is made into a cereal.

    By far the most important of these was the potato. They grew over 20 varieties of corn and 240 varieties of potatoes.The Incas planted the potato, which is able to withstand heavy frosts, as high as 4600 m (15,000 ft). At these heights the Incas could use the freezing night temperatures and the heat of the day to alternately freeze and dry the potatoes until all the moisture had been removed. The Incas then reduced the potato to a light flour.

    They cultivated corn up to an altitude of 4100 m (13,500 ft) and consumed it fresh, dried, and popped. They also made it into an alcoholic beverage known as saraiaka or chicha.

    The Incas faced difficult conditions for agriculture. Mountainous terrain limited the land that could be used for agriculture, and water was sometimes scarce.

    To compensate, the Incas adopted and improved upon the terracing methods invented by pre-Inca civilizations. They built stone walls to create raised, level fields. These fields formed steplike patterns along the sides of hills that were too steep to irrigate or plough in their natural state. Terraces created more arable land and kept the topsoil from washing away in heavy rains.

    Although rain generally falls in the Andes between December and May, there are often years of drought. The Incas constructed complex canals to bring water to terraces and other patches of arable land.

    They also made use of natural fertilizers. Guano, the nitrate-rich droppings of birds, was plentiful in coastal areas. In the highlands, farmers used the remains of slaughtered llamas as a fertilizer.

    Camelids, such as llamas, alpacas, and vicu as, were very important to the economy. In addition to carrying burdens, llamas and alpacas were raised as a source of coarse wool and of dung, which was used for fuel. The finest-quality wool came from the wild vicu a, which was caught, sheared, and set free again.

    The Inca also raised guinea pigs, ducks, and dogs, which were the main sources of meat protein.


    GOLD - MONEY

    The Incas are famous for their gold. They mined extensive deposits of gold and silver, but this wealth ultimately brought disaster in the 16th century, when Spanish soldiers came seeking riches for themselves and their king.

    Gold, to the Incas, was the 'sweat of the sun' and Silver the 'tears of the moon.'

    Money existed in the form of work. Each subject of the empire paid taxes by laboring on the myriad roads, crop terraces, irrigation canals, temples, or fortresses. In return, rulers paid their laborers in clothing and food. Silver and gold were abundant, but only used for aesthetics.


    GOVERNMENT

    The Incas had a highly organized government based in Cuzco. The emperor lived there and was regarded to as The Inca, the main supreme the ruler. Underneath him were the nobles.,They were talented and gifted and their skills provided for all of the Inca civilization.

    Cuzco, which emerged as the richest city in the New World, was the center of Inca life, the home of its leaders. The riches that were gathered in the city of Cuzco alone, as capital and court of the Empire, were incredible, says an early account of Inca culture written 300 years ago by Jesuit priest Father Bernabe Cobo.

    Inca kings and nobles amassed stupendous riches which accompanied them, in death, in their tombs. But it was their great wealth that ultimately undid the Inca, for the Spaniards, upon reaching the New World, learned of the abundance of gold in Inca society and soon set out to conquer it at all costs. The plundering of Inca riches continues today with the pillaging of sacred sites and blasting of burial tombs by grave robbers in search of precious Inca gold.


    CRIME

    Because everyone had everything they needed, people rarely stole things. As a result, there were no prisons. The worst crimes in the Inca empire were murder, insulting the Sapa Inca and saying bad things about gods. The punishment, being thrown off of a cliff, was enough to keep most people from committing these crimes. Adultery with a Sun Virgin wasn't worth it. The couple was tied up by their hands and feet to a wall and left to starve to death. If one made love to one of the Inca's wives, they would be hung on a wall naked and left to starve. Smaller crimes were punished by the chopping off of the hands and feet or the gouging of the eyes.





    page 3 ) page 4 ) page 5
    or
    return to Ancient civilizations



    Comments:
    Write new one



    shela, 27/05:
    Awesome website keep up the good work

    piye, 27/05:
    hiz peepz waz upz Iz likez piez haz haz haz guess what 7

    guy202, 11/04:
    I heard that the incas liked to eat stuff

    guy101, 11/04:
    website very useful

    tbird, 03/03:
    for my project i love this website it very helpful . this is so helful thank you

    Chelsea , 09/12:
    this is so helpful!! i have to do this short story for my history class about life for the incas before and after the spanish conquest and even though this just has the before portion it still is a big help. (saves me lots of time from going from one website to the next!!)

    Cool Dude, 19/04:
    Do any of you lot know what clothing Inca childen used to wear?? If anyone one does plz tell me thnx :]

    123543, 05/12:
    really helps me on my inca tribe project please right more

    fxmh;nx, 13/08:
    thanks heaps.. this really did help with my project on the Incas

    ShadeTHedgehog, 22/04:
    Excellent resource, thanks. Applesauce is a good writing utensil.

    God\\\\\\\'s child, 14/04:
    jbluver, look closely and i think you'll find what you looking 4

    God\'s child, 14/04:
    I just went on a site and saw the exact thing here!!! word 4 word. picture 4 picture!! I dn't know what's going on here, but y'all need 2 straighten THIS out

    olivia, 31/03:
    is anyone there?

    Shelby, 13/03:
    This Web is TTLY wicked- cool. LOL!!!!!!!!!

    ooo, 15/01:
    how do you cite this?

    Joe, 15/01:
    I like pancakes

    kayla jonas, 08/01:
    i'm dating nick jonas.

    skshedlgzdn, 04/10:
    andres hernandez is cool

    2 pac, 04/10:
    wers the flippin info on incan clothes

    sally, 03/10:
    this is a place where you are looking for information get off if you a using it other wise

    j and j, 17/09:
    people this site is historical, plese stop writing inappropriate comments!!!!

    bebelala, 26/07:
    i need inca CHILDREN'S clothes

    !@#$%&, 31/05:
    kiss my bootyhole, you shiz nibblets! . yeah, so blah blah... is prety cool. got a problem with that fool??? i didnt think so. so open down.

    MaHw, 16/05:
    wuzzup my peeps

    sweet heart, 02/05:
    hey type up some more info on inca clothing plez!!!

    angel, 09/04:
    i need inca food

    Mrz. Toya, 28/02:
    Watz up Freelova???

    jbluver, 10/12:
    I need some info on llamas and what they were used for.Can an of you help,please

    morgan, 27/11:
    this is like IMing anyone there? . peytons such a hottie! and i love herr shes mine . i need stuff about incas clothing

    happydude, 19/11:
    um... ugh ... brain dead ... project...

    Sae, 19/09:
    NO! BOB THE BUILDER ROCKS!!!Rock on Bob...=D

    Random, 29/05:
    Me too, i see no Inca clothing info! I have looked every where and i still can't find any Flipping info on clothing

    a person, 13/03:
    we have to do this thing on the inca....bob the builded- your weird!

    bob the builder, 02/03:
    haha jk ty for your retatred help . I killed .5 ppl
    QUICK LINKS:

    Maya:
    Mayan Writing ~ Codices
    Mayan religion - Popol Vuh

    Easter Island:
    Easter Island: stones, history

    Inca:
    Inca Ruins
    Machu Picchu
    Lake Titicaca
    Inca Civilization
    Pre-Inca Civilization