During the perihelia (minimal
distance from the Sun) is the maximal angle distance visible from the Earth 15
degrees and 55 minutes.
It seems as if the planet stood in one place for 4-12 days in the time of
Its angle distance from the Sun changes between 1-2 degrees. This
insignificant movement could not have been discovered by the Mayan observing
For that reason their determination of Mercury elongations moves on average
inside the borders of that "mistake".
3.The solar eclipses and the fullmoons and newmoons.
4.The observation of the heliacal risings and settings of the planets. The
heliacal rise sets in after the planets╣ conjunction with the Sun, when they are
visible in the morning sky before the sunrise. During their heliacal setting the
planets are visible in the evening sky after sunset. In the period of
conjunction the planets are invisible for a few days. By observing the heliacal
risings and settings dates we are able to determine the length of the synodic
circulations of the planets.
5.The observation of the planetary conjunctions (when two planets observable
from the Earth get in line and are nearly covering each other). The Dresden
Codex is mostly describing only close approaches of the planets because some of
the dates are calculated to the past and to the future.
6.The determination of equinoxes and solstices.