Maatkare Hatshepsut. Ancient Egypt

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    Egiptian Pharaoh Maatkare Hatshepsut

    The Queen Who Would Be King - 1473-1458 B.C.

    Hatshepsut was an 18th-dynasty pharaoh who was one of the handful of female rulers in Ancient Egypt. Her reign was the longest of all the female pharaohs. Her funerary temple still stands as a tribute to her incredible rise to power.

    Hatshepsut was the daughter of the Pharaoh Tuthmosis I and Queen Ahmose, both of royal lineage.

    Hatshepsut was married to her own half-brother, Tuthmosis II, with whom she reigned for some 14 years. Realizing his sister-wife's ambitious nature, Tuthmosis II declared his son by the harem girl Isis to be his heir, but when the young Tuthmosis III came to the throne, Hatshepsut became regent and promptly usurped his position as ruler.

    To support her cause she claimed the God Amon-Ra spoke, saying "Welcome my sweet daughter, my favorite, the king of Upper and Lower Egypt, Maatkare,Hatshepsut. Thou art the King, taking possession of the Two Lands."

    She dressed as a king, even wearing a false beard and the Egyptian people seem to have accepted this unprecedented behavior.

    Hatshepsut had herself portrayed in the royal headdress, sometimes as a woman with prominent breasts but more often as male in body as well as costume. Her self-promotion, which extended to a miraculous conception and fictitious coronation in childhood, involved deliberately obscuring the rightful ruler, Tuthmosis III, who was a man by the time he succeeded to unfettered rulership in 1483 BC.

    Hatshepsut accomplished what no woman had before her. She ruled the most powerful, advanced civilization in the world. Her consort and true love was her advisor, Senmut.

    She remained in power for twenty years during which time the Egyptian economy flourished. She expanded trade relations.

    The Egyptians sent trading missions to Punt, a region of East Africa that was rich in gold, resins, ebony, blackwood, ivory and wild animals, including monkeys and baboons. They also went in search of slaves. The best-documented mission was sent during the reign of Hatshepsut. Scenes from these expeditions are illustrated on her funerary temple at Deir el-Bahari, near the Valley of the Kings.

    She built magnificent temples as well as restoring many of the old ones, most notably the great mortuary temple at Deir al-Bahari.

    The Red Chapel was built between 1498 and 1483 BC.

    Hidden for more than three millennia, it was
    found in 1999 on the banks of the Nile River.

    The mortuary temple of Queen Hatshepsut is one of the most dramatically situated in the world. The queen's architect, Senmut, designed it and set it at the head of a valley overshadowed by the Peak of the Thebes, the "Lover of Silence," where lived the goddess who presided over the necropolis. A tree lined avenue of sphinxes led up to the temple, and ramps led from terrace to terrace. The porticoes on the lowest terrace are out of proportion and coloring with the rest of the building. They were restored in 1906 to protect the celebrated reliefs depicting the transport of obelisks by barge to Karnak and the miraculous birth of Queen Hatshepsut. Reliefs on the south side of the middle terrace show the queen's expedition by way of the Red Sea to Punt, the land of incense. Along the front of the upper terrace, a line of large, gently smiling Osirid statues of the queen looked out over the valley. In the shade of the colonnade behind, brightly painted reliefs decorated the walls.

    Throughout the temple, statues and sphinxes of the queen proliferate.

    Hatshepsut disappeared in 1458 B.C. when Thutmose III, wishing to reclaim the throne, led a revolt. Thutmose had her shrines, statues and reliefs mutilated.





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    Comments:
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    Abraja, 26/03:
    ur right im doing a project on her i think shes better that cleopatra

    hunter wiess, 15/12:
    hi how are you guys out there do you guys own this site because if you do text me back

    Nisa46, 18/11:
    She was a great Pharoaoh and she was very powerful.Here monument was buetiful.

    Emily, 15/10:
    this was the perfect subject for my school paper thanks

    Finn, 19/06:
    this seems like a paraphrased version of the hatshepsut article on Crystalinks - if you look it up you'll notice it's a bit more informative than this one. It also has the same photos and captions.

    drowning iin school work, 10/06:
    im not really happy with this website, a bit of a waste of time actually....i was really hoping to read about weather hatshepsut was an ethical or un ethical leader. You didnt actually have any information that the whole world didnt know already, if you want to make this websie worthwhile you would research a little more into the topic, maybe find some interesting topic points.

    FunkyDancer, 23/05:
    I think this website was ok though I didn't get the info I wanted. If you included a bit more about Hatshepsut's relationship with Thutmose 3rd it would be a good website.

    taylorj36, 11/03:
    Sorry, I was wrong, the first female pharoah was Sobekenefru not Smenkare. Smenkare was Nerfertiti's ruling name.

    vp, 05/03:
    why did she disapeard

    Audrey, 21/02:
    If you could find more info about Hatshepsut, that would be excellent.

    Alleena, 09/02:
    wh arent there more pictures f hatshepsut . hatshepsut was a good ruler but the artical should have more picture's of her and more imfromation . hatshepsut is a good ruler but the artical should have more picture's of her and more imfromation

    Cassey, 10/12:
    i thought that this gave excellent info. for my social studies report! i lost my flash drive and this website saved me!

    monkeysrule97, 10/12:
    can you add some more information on her appearance! please and thank you!

    katie, 06/12:
    queen hatshepsut is awesome

    Brittney, 06/12:
    hatshepsut was the first female pharaoh and ordered them to build the great pyramid when thutmose the 2 died from sickness

    hjkgf, 31/10:
    i need mo info on hatshepsut fo my project. can you plez put mo info???

    raadhia, 10/10:
    good information on hatshep sut

    brandon, 23/07:
    i need to copy and paste this y wont it let m

    maya, 28/05:
    i am doing a paper on hatshesput you guys need 2 tell of more stuff that hatshesput did nd her tyme so we can know the important stuff about hatshesput and not about related topics!

    cindy, 01/11:
    i thing this is pretty intresting but in a way it's weird!!!! CINDY CINDY CINDY

    Anime, 03/08:
    I have come to comment on the following quote. Zora, 17/11: Somehow this information seems incomplete. What happened to her? Surley she couldn't have been accepted in male dominated role so easily? What else did she do? What about her lover? Doesn't anyone know more about the man who had the heart of such a great Queen? Actually she did... Well, her lover... DO YOU EVEN WATCH DISCOVERY CHANNEL???? Well, I would suppose it was a peasent.

    Clairevoyant, 15/05:
    Your site is just so awesome and the coolest. Can i marry you?! I will owe my band 6 ancient marks to you!!!!xxoo

    ly56, 22/03:
    you should be able to find pictures of hatshesput's clothing

    monkey breath , 12/03:
    your all losers hehehe !

    marneo156, 05/03:
    Hatshepsut is a great pharaoh and she is perfect for my newspaper report for school!!!!!!! Marneo156:)

    jordan, 31/01:
    this site has lots of information

    madison, 05/01:
    Who the heck is Andrew? . I think that you should be aloud to read more imformation on this site! . This website is filled with lots of imformation on certain people and is also filled with lots of fun!!!

    catf, 16/12:
    will you go on a date with me andrew?

    kt, 13/12:
    there is an interesting article on Hatshepsut in the September 2006 Smithsonian, it's very informative and explores the reasons why she might have adopted a "masculine" role in life, as well as why many of her statues and likenesses have been destroyed or vandalized.

    Marcy, 07/12:
    I like this it was a bif help!thanx!

    Zora, 18/11:
    Somehow this information seems incomplete. What happened to her? Surley she couldn't have been accepted in male dominated role so easily? What else did she do? What about her lover? Doesn't anyone know more about the man who had the heart of such a great Queen?

    floppy donkey, 14/11:
    alex swanson vanks hoff!!!

    Cassidy, 31/10:
    Hatshepsut is the coolest pharaoh ever!!!!!!!!

    Beth, 16/09:
    Yes this site is very definite about hatshepsut and goes into much detail. this can be looked at as a good thing except half of the information is unproven and not valid.

    drew, 15/09:
    what did one farmer say to onother farmer?.... we're farmers... . eh eh eh eh hazhepsut or wtever is tarded in the head bigtime . hoo of you ladies likes it big?? eheh any takers im from auz...

    ghdfhg, 05/09:
    hooters 546

    hooters, 05/09:
    she admited to being a leso

    Me, 26/08:
    Hooters, grow up, and it is not definitely known that Thutmose I made Hatshepsut disappear, and it is not definitely known that Thutmose had her monuments defaced, especially after he put up with her 20 year (approx) reign

    Stephy, 17/08:
    Get the info right people it was crap!!!!

    Nile daughter, 31/05:
    very good but could you stik inna timeline cus i like that kinda thing.

    Mariella, 07/05:
    Hey I love the site..gave me infomartion

    student, 12/04:
    im doing something at my class about hatshepsut but it doesnt say anything about senmut and hatshepsut being lovers what r you talking about???

    hollie, 30/03:
    what does maakare mean

    kelvin taylor, 19/03:
    she was afrikan a black women , amenemhet3 was a black afrikan man with full lips and a big nose but you show a picture a white face small nose small lips tell the true story

    kaj, 10/03:
    Absolutley horible writing absoultly wonderful pictures. Why did she take over and not give the throne to Tutmose l?

    nuer, 10/03:
    I think is written very well but you should make the language easier to read if 11 year olds are reading it.

    ed, 10/03:
    this site is so not PUFF

    cassie, 08/03:
    its very good but you need to give more info on what hatshepsut did in her time

    lire, 24/02:
    it needs more info for the childhood

    The Red Queen, 08/02:
    The Best Photos of any site I've been too. Great Job!

    sumru, 12/12:
    thank god!!!i've found this cite. i don't think there could be a more helpful short text about hatschepsut.

    Melissa , 22/11:
    Most of the information was helpful, but there no real proof that senenmut and Hatshepsut were lovers. Why does everyone just believe that they are!!!!

    Linda, 26/08:
    LOVED THE SITE, but when was she born. Ruled with Thutmoses II from 1492 14 year. Pharaoh from 1479bc - 20/21 years, Died 1458BC = 34/35 years Guess 1504, means married at 12??

    rogue_prole, 24/06:
    sorry to leave bad comments but for starters, no one's actually sure that Senenmut was Hatshepsut's lover. There is no real evidence except ancient grafitti found at deir el bahari which doesnt actually give any definite idication that their relationship was anymore than the relationship of a pharaoh and his/her advisor. Also, Thutmose I didn't deface Hatshepsut's monuments until twenty years after her death which indicates that he did not in fact lead a revolt resulting in her death. In fact all evidence indicates that he only went through with damnatio memoriae (erasure of her memory as pharaoh) to maintain ma'at (balance) in the succession of the throne.

    sopandanamed, 17/01:
    It is a great sight. I think you should some give more information about Hatshepsut and who her lover is and about how she had a daughter. Thankyou!!

    C-C, 16/11:
    I think that this recource is very resourceful because it goes into much detail.
    QUICK LINKS:

    Ancient Egypt:
    Egyptian Dynasties
    Maatkare Hatshepsut
    Egyptian Art and Architecture
    Flying Vehicles in Ancient Egypt
    Egyptian Afterlife, Coffins - mummy masks

    Maya:
    Mayan society

    Inca:
    Nazca Lines
    Tiahuanaco and the Deluge